Credit reports are a summary of Firms or individual's credit history. The report contains details of the credit and loan history along with other basic details. Most lenders (banks) use the credit reports in making effective lending decisions. In a credit report, you will find information related to all types of loans and credit account, the report will also contain details such as the name, date of birth, PAN card number, address, etc. You can also find details related to the last credit report check performed by a lender. In India, there are four major credit information companies (CIC)) as below:-

  • 1. TransUnion CIBIL Limited: (earlier known as - Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited);
  • 2. Experian Credit Information Company of India Private Limited;
  • 3. Equifax Credit Information Services Private Limited (ECIS);
  • 4. CRIF High Mark.

That provides credit reports of individuals. Some of the CIC offer a free credit score check while the other don't, however, lender pay a fee while obtaining a credit report of an individual. When an individual applies for a loan or a credit card, the bank will review their credit report before approving the loan/credit.

The CICs collect the individual's information from financial institutions such as banks as well as government agencies such as the Income Tax Department. These reports help the lenders in minimizing repayment defaults by avoiding individuals with a bad credit history. Though the banks are not solely relying on these credit reports to give out loans/credit, these reports play a crucial role in the calculation of eligibility.